The first coins to circulate in the 13 colonies were brought over by the early settlers from England. These included halfpennies, farthings (quarter pennies), shillings, and sixpences. Spanish silver coins were also popular, especially in the southern colonies where there was more trade with Spain and Latin America. As the 13 colonies began to mint their own coins, they often used designs that were similar to those found on English and Spanish coins.
Colonial coins were typically made of copper, brass, or silver and their designs varied greatly, featuring unique symbols and inscriptions that were reflective of the local culture and economy of each colony. The production of colonial coins was often met with challenges such as shortages of metal and lack of skilled minters, resulting in irregular shapes and sizes of coins. Despite these challenges, colonial coins played a crucial role in facilitating local trade and commerce in the colonies, filling the gap between the limited supply of English and Spanish coins and the growing demand for currency in the expanding colonial economy.
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